By Inga von der Stein
But why was once Poland visible simply as an device for Prussia and Russia in striving for hegemony? (Biskupski, 2000, p. 22) this question is tough to respond to and already offers a touch to the complexity of the method of country- and nation-building in Poland, which deviates in lots of facets from the Western eu nations.
To offer a beginning for the options that this paper is predicated on, one must outline the phrases of either state and kingdom. based on Smith, a state is greater than simply an ethnic staff yet a cultural- political neighborhood, dwelling in a space of payment and sharing a typical historical past, tradition and legislation (Smith, 1995, p. 57). the idea that of a nation utilized derives from Roberts. To him, a nation is characterised by means of “the presence of preferrred authority, ruling over an outlined territory, who's well-known as having strength to make judgements in concerns of presidency […]” (Roberts, 1979, p. 32).
Taking those definitions into account, this paper is split into 4 sections, referring to all of the varied phases within the kingdom- and nation-building procedure to at least one season of the 12 months. This paper to begin with examines the industrial “spring” of Poland, the Piast dynasty, thereafter realization is laid at the Jagiellonian interval, Poland’s “summer”, that is associated with the non-public union of Poland and Lithuania. within the subsequent part I learn the “fall” of the Poland, that's characterised through the consolidation of the Nobility’s supremacy and the commercial decay of the rustic. this can be prime as much as the final element of this paper, in addition to the walls which killed the Polish country, but the kingdom used to be changing into extra alive than ever.
My objective is to teach that the nation- and nation-building means of Poland used to be now not destined to turn into “a state just for a season” as claimed by way of Prussian historians, notwithstanding following a different manner, a kingdom country could have been profitable through the start of the nineteenth century if it had no longer felt sufferer to the desire of territorial growth through its neighboring empires (Weinberg, 1996, web page. 42).
To that finish, numerous traces of a poem named “Sezony” (seasons) written by way of an nameless Polish Poet shape the frame.
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