Swarming, drone movements, foraging behavior and associated by Prem Jose Vazhacharickal,Sajan Jose K.

By Prem Jose Vazhacharickal,Sajan Jose K.

medical examine from the yr 2014 within the topic Biology - Zoology, , language: English, summary: Stingless bees are hugely social bugs which populated the tropical earth sixty five million years in the past longer than honey bees. they're restricted to tropics and subtropics missing venom gear and can't sting. affects of anthropogenic affects on honey bees have been already pronounced. in line with those again floor, the targets of this examine have been to at least one) to represent the swarming and drone events of Trigona iridipennis Smith in Kerala 2) to spot the foraging behaviour, color choice and numerous vegetation linked to Trigona iridipennis Smith for nest development in addition to nutritional assets.

Feral in addition to hived colonies of stingless bees have been positioned and stuck at diversified components of Kerala for observations on their foraging task. Bee site visitors used to be additionally measured in the course of numerous timings throughout a vivid sunny day in November 2013 and among colonies. Bee site visitors between Trigona iridipennis Smith diversified broadly one of the chosen 4 colonies in the course of quite a few time periods. In all of the colonies bee site visitors begins among 6 to 7 am and finish by means of 7 to 7.10 pm. Bee site visitors exhibited peaks. One in the course of 10 to 10.10 am and the opposite 2 to 3.10 pm. yet in colony four the image is varied, the place the morning height used to be eleven to 11.10 am and the afternoon height used to be three to 3.10 pm.

Trigona iridipennis Smith exhibits nice variety in plant choice for nutritional in addition to resin assets. The shift in the direction of decorative crops for foraging can be an model developed in keeping with human amendment of our environment. The bees gather resin from quite a few assets for development nest, its upkeep and in addition for defence. Bee site visitors is located to be regarding time, season, and energy of the colony. The bees most well liked white and yellow colored vegetation than red and purple. The research additionally highlights a few of the foodstuff resources of Trigona iridipennis Smith in Kerala that are additional explored for flourishing melliponiculture.

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